By Steven Buckardt

One of the biggest obstacles standing in the way of discovering the mysteries of the universe is the theory of evolution. Evolutionists have a theory which means we THINK. It is not based upon any proof whatsoever. The theory is rooted in certain assumptions, which are false. One false foundation of the theory is Uniformitarianism. The theory states that all geologic phenomena may be explained as the result of existing forces having operated uniformly from the origin of the earth until the present day.

Belief in the erroneous theoretical assumption of Uniformitarianism that things continue uniformly was prophesied by Peter, an apostle, two millennia ago. Peter wrote, “Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished” (2 Peter 3:3-6)

Peter accurately prophesied a worldview in the last days preceding the return of Yeshua Messiah that people would scoff at the Word of God and willingly choose to reject that the global flood in Noah’s day ever happened. Such people are convinced in their own minds that things will continue on like they believe they always have, but they are dead wrong.

First, there really was a global flood (not a local flood, as some falsely teach). Genesis 7:17-20 says “And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.” (If all the mountains were completely covered, then the whole earth was under deluge.)

Second, if there really was a global flood, what would the evidence be? As the words of a song by Buddy Davis, “Billions of Dead Things”, teach, we should find billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the earth. That’s exactly what the fossil record is. Most fossils are formed rapidly, usually in mud, lime, or sand sediment rich in cementing minerals. The ideal conditions for forming fossils are flood conditions. If a plant or animal dies, it doesn’t fossilize. It gets broken up, decomposes, decays, or gets devoured by scavengers.

Third, there is evidence from both biblical and non-biblical sources that the orbits of the solar system in modern times are very different than they were in ancient days. In light of Bible prophecy, there will come a day when that is important to understand.

Time is relative to the earth’s rotation with respect to the sun. In light of various biblical accounts, such as Joshua’s long day where the rotation of the earth was affected and Hezekiah’s lengthening of the day when the sun-dial went back and the day was lengthened about 40 minutes, we are faced with only one plausible explanation. In order for the rotation of the planet to be affected to alter time, a large gravitational body must have come perilously close to the earth.

While a large comet passing by on a near collision course could be the culprit, the evidence suggests another planet came particularly close to the earth and it happened on a repetitive basis. The catastrophes in the Bible occurred on a periodic basis, so it’s probable that the mysterious planet is within earth’s solar system, but traveling in a different orbit than it did thousands of years ago.

Earth’s nearest neighbor is Mars. In ancient times, it is likely that the planet Mars regularly menaced the inhabitants on earth. That explanation would certainly account for the legend that Mars is “the god of war.”

Planetary orbits are extremely precise, so Mars would have completed its “flyby” at precisely the same time during periodic intervals. Combining that with biblical catastrophes on a periodic basis sheds light on the scriptures in a whole new way. It is also important to note that ancient “wise men” in various kingdoms that were skilled in astronomy would have been able to predict when the celestial visitor would return.

Astronomical observatories of some sort are found at many archaeological sites all over the world, such as Stonehenge or the ancient Aztec and Inca empires. Many of the ancient kingdoms recorded in scripture like Egypt and Babylon chronicle the existence of “wise men” who were advisers to the pharaoh or king.

One planetary catastrophist is a geographer named Donald Wesley Patten. In his book “Catastrophism and the Old Testament: The Mars Earth Conflicts”, Patten concludes that ancient catastrophes were astronomical in nature, cyclical in timing, and global in impact.

Patten proposed a model calculating the ancient orbit of Mars. He found that under a projected orbital cycle, every 54 years Mars menaced planet earth. Each flyby would bring “the angry red planet” into a close proximity to earth. As Mars crossed over the sky, it could be seen with the naked eye by inhabitants on earth.

Another calculation by Patten shows that every other flyby would occur on the same date. Every 108 years, the flyby of Mars would occur in the daytime on October 24th. The next flyby of Mars would occur 54 years later in the evening on March 21st. The passovers of Mars would alternate between morning and evening cataclysms.

Interestingly, March 21st and October 24th are dates related to the origin of certain holidays. The Celts celebrated Samhain, which became Halloween, in October. The Romans celebrated two holidays called the Armilustrium and the Tubulustrium.

They were not exactly festive holidays. They could be described more accurately as “fearidays” because they were related to a reverential fear of the planets. The Tubulustrium occurred on March 21st. The Romans called that month, Marchesvan. March is actually named for the pagan god Mars, which is the time when the ancients expected the “god of war” to make an appearance.

The Armilustrium was held on October 24th, the exact date of the October flyby of Mars! At both festivals, the Romans sacrificed two horses on the altar of Mars.

There are other clues hidden in common English words. James Lloyd points out in Rampaging Planets that the word catastrophe has the root meaning of “aster” (meaning star) embedded in it. Another word with “aster” embedded in it is disaster. The very words used to describe destruction carry an intrinsic association with the stars.

The Bible provides other clues. Isaiah 46:1 mentions Nebo, who is identified with the planet Mercury. The star of Remphan mentioned in Acts 7:43, is thought to be the planet Saturn. In Acts 19, the Ephesians are recorded as worshiping the goddess Diana, which is derived from the planet Venus. When Israel encountered the Canaanites and began to worship Baal, it is actually a reference to the planet Mars. Baal was an earthly god of fertility that was given the title “Prince, Lord of the Earth.” However, Baal was initially linked to the heavens. The ancient Babylonian deity Marduk was associated with the planet Mars. In Phoenician, Marduk was called Baal Shamen, Lord of the Heavens. Baal was also known as the storm god called “He Who Rides on the Clouds.”

Baal, in the form of Mars, wreaked havoc on earth every 54 years. The Israelites and other nations were always reminded of the power of Baal because of the intensity of the Martian “flybys.” When the face of Mars approached resulting in massive storms, people would experience what Jesus described in Luke 21:26Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.

The face of Mars may have appeared to be on fire as volcanic eruptions and lava flow could be seen with the naked eye. Mars would appear to be alive and very angry. Survivors weren’t likely to forget the experience and would tell their children about it from generation to generation. This is the reason why people of old worshiped the planets and why God constantly warned his people not to worship the host of heaven, but to worship the Creator God who made the planets and the stars.

The two moons of Mars would also have been visible during the planetary flybys. That conflicts with modern scientific understanding considering it is documented that the two moons of Mars were discovered in 1877 by Asaph Hall.

An interesting case exists in the writings of Jonathan Swift, who is known for writing “Gulliver’s Travels (Original and Unabridged)” in 1726, the tale of Gulliver who visited the Lilliputians. Swift chronicled Gulliver’s trip to the fictional island of Laputa and wrote about the astronomers telling Gulliver about the two moons of Mars. The Laputan astronomers described the size of the moons and their orbits.

Because the moons of Mars are small, dark, and non-reflective, it is impossible to see them without modern telescopic technology. Telescopes used during the time of Jonathan Swift could not spot any moons orbiting Mars, so astronomers were shocked to find that Swift’s book accurately described the number of moons, their size, and orbits.

Adding to the intrigue, Asaph Hall named the two moons Deimos and Phobos, In Greek mythology, Deimos was the god of ‘fear’ and Phobos of ‘terror’ or ‘panic’. The names are related to daimonos (‘demons’) and phobia, (‘terrifying fear’).

Sometimes the truth is stranger than fiction. Another fictional account over two thousand years before Swift chronicled the two moons of Mars. The Greek poet Homer, in “The Iliad”, referred to “the steeds of Ares” (the Greek god of war which is also Mars), which he called Deimos and Phobos.

There are only a couple of conceivable explanations for Jonathan Swift and Homer knowing about the moons of Mars in detail. Either they received information from some supernatural source or they had access to earlier records documenting the existence of the moons. The only way Homer could have ever seen the two moons is if Mars had a different orbit in the ancient past.


What would be the result of two planetary bodies passing in close proximity? A relatively recent discovery by scientists revealed what the results would be. The unmanned Voyager spacecraft probes were sent to Jupiter. Scientists found that planetary bodies passing close by creates an electrical discharge that blasts one or both planetary surfaces with an enormous shock wave of fiery electrical energy. The electrical shock wave is called a Flux Tube.

The “flux tube” is the largest lightning bolt in the solar system. There are photographs of the lightning generated by the collision of energy fields between Jupiter and its closest moon, Io. It was an astonishing discovery to find proof that huge lightning bolts, in the form of a “flux tube,” could jump hundreds of thousands of miles through space between the planetary bodies.

As the planetary bodies draw near, the collision of magnetic and electrical fields creates a wide swath of electricity that obliterates anything in its path. The lightning bolt could be at least a mile wide energized by something over a billion watts. The “flux tube” would electrocute anyone in proximity and also create a loud blast wave capable of leveling any structures or topographical features within a certain radius.

It is interesting to note that Jupiter is sending lightning bolts to Io. The names of gods in ancient times were usually named after a particular planet. Zeus is actually a truncated version of Zeus-Pater, where the name Jupiter is derived from. The planet Jupiter is likely the original source of the legends of the “lightning bolts of Zeus.” Mythology isn’t necessarily 100% myth. There are usually elements of reality, but you need to look with “biblical glasses” in order to see through all the pagan lies.

A fascinating bible study of the different Hebrew words used for lightning reveals that one word in particular has a deeper meaning than simple lightning. The word is baraq, which is listed in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance as number 1300. Strong’s renders this word as:

“Baraq, baw-rawk’; from 1299; lightning; by anal. A gleam; concr. a flashing sword; bright, glitter (-ing, sword), lightning.

That definition means that the word used for lightning in the Bible has an intrinsic meaning associated with a great sword. The scriptures call this the sword of the Lord.



The oldest biblical record that describes a destructive flyby is the global flood of Noah. Noah’s flood is the most intense of a series of Mars flybys. Some biblically oriented scientists postulated the earth before the flood had a canopy of water in a vaporous state surrounding the planet that was somehow ruptured at the time when the fountains of the great deep were broken up.

One of the founders of the Institute for Creation Research and editor of the KJV – Defender’s Study Bible by Dr. Henry Morris, Ph.D., Dr. Henry Morris, wrote “these waters extending far out into space eventually condensed and fell back to earth at the time of the Great Deluge, providing the source of the worldwide rainstorm that contributed to the Flood.”

water_canopyThe water surrounding the earth is described in Genesis 1:6-8 “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.”

The “firmament” is the sky, where the birds fly. The firmament appeared between the water above the sky and the water below the sky creating three separate layers:

Region 1: Water in the stratosphere
Region 2: The sky, where the birds fly
Region 3: Water below the sky, now known as the sea

However, many creation scientists have moved away from the vapor canopy model for various reasons. A canopy of water in a vaporous state may not be accurate.

First, the Hebrew word used for waters in Genesis 1:6 is “mayim.” It is same word used to describe the waters above and below the firmament. The implication is that the waters were of a similar liquid form.

Second, the canopy model suggests it was at the edge of the atmosphere, but Genesis 1:14-15 states that the sun, moon, and stars were made in the firmament, which suggests the waters were farther out.

Genesis 1:14-15 “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.”

The biggest problem for us is that we can’t possibly relate to what the pre-flood world may have looked like. The biblical record indicates drastic changes after the flood.

The fountains of the great deep being broken up is described in Genesis 7:11 “In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”

Dr. Walt Brown proposed a theory about the fountains of the deep that is popular in some circles. In his book, In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood (8th Edition), Dr. Brown postulated a Hydroplate Theory as a possible explanation. Dr. Brown described four phases to the Hydroplate Theory: Rupture, Flood, Drift, and Recovery.

In the Rupture phase, failure began with a microscopic crack at the earth’s surface. Dr. Brown writes,

Rupture Phase

“The rupture probably completed its path around the earth in about 2 hours…As the crack raced around the earth, the 10-mile-thick crust opened like a rip in a tightly stretched cloth. Pressure in the subterranean chamber directly beneath the rupture suddenly dropped to nearly atmospheric pressure. This caused supercritical water to explode with great violence out of the 10-mile-deep “slit” that wrapped around the earth like the seam of a baseball.

All along this globe-circling rupture, whose path approximates today’s Mid-Oceanic Ridge, a fountain of water jetted supersonically into and far above the atmosphere.”


During the Flood phase, each side of the rupture was basically a 10-mile-high cliff. Dr. Brown explains,

“Sediments swept up in the escaping flood waters gave the water a thick, muddy consistency. These sediments settled out over the earth’s surface in days, trapping and burying many plants and animals, beginning the process of forming the world’s fossils.

The rising flood waters eventually blanketed the water jetting from the rupture, although water still surged out of the rupture.

Flood Phase

The Continental-Drift phase is based on rock’s slight elasticity giving it spring like characteristics. Material within the earth is compressed by the weight of overlying rock above. The more weight, the more tightly compressed the “spring” would be. Dr. Brown theorized,

Basic CMYK

“The Mid-Atlantic Ridge “springs” upward, releasing extreme amounts of energy inherent in compressed rock. Fracture zones form perpendicular to the ridge axis; rifts form along the ridge axis…The massive hydroplates, lubricated by water, being to accelerate downhill. As more and more weight slides away from the newly-formed ridge, the exposed chamber floor quickly rises several miles (accelerating the hydroplates even more) and becomes the Atlantic floor.”


In the Recovery phase, the plates crushed, buckled, and rose out of the water. As that happened, the flood waters receded. Dr. Brown writes,

“Simultaneously, the upward-surging, subterranean water was “choked off” as the plates settled onto the subterranean chamber floor. With the water source shut off, the deep, newly-opened basins between the continents became reservoirs into which the flood waters returned.”

Recovery Phase

The Hydroplate theory by Dr. Walt Brown is an interesting possibility of what may have happened during the flood, but a competing theory developed advocating catastrophic plate tectonics.

Andrew Snelling’s book, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, which is meant to be an update to The Genesis Flood 50th Anniversary Edition by John Whitcomb and Henry Morris, postulates the catastrophic plate tectonics concept. It is based on observations that rigid blocks in the earth called “plates” have moved large distances in the past and suggests an engine that could have driven the early stages of the flood.

Flood models continue to develop attempting to explain what happened to the earth when the great flood of Noah occurred, but the models consistently ignore the possibility of a physical force descending from above. The force involved triggering catastrophic events relating to the flood of Noah could have been the planet Mars.

Gary Bates wrote in his book, Alien Intrusion (Updated & Expanded), “Canyons on Mars suggest that the surface may indeed have been scoured by water at one time.  The Valles Marineris is one such canyon, the walls of which seem to have sedimentary layers (layers of rock deposited by a moving fluid, such as water.)  The canyon is so large that the earth’s Grand Canyon could fit inside it several times over.”


Gary Bates continued, “Incredibly, many believe that Mars may have been globally covered with water. (Emphasis added) The observational evidence, including heavily layered canyons and channels, suggests it to be the case. Adding support to this claim, NASA scientists also indicated that some rocks gave the appearance of having been saturated with water at some past stage. Curiously though, these same scientists reject the possibility of a global flood on the earth, where sedimentary layers cover most of the surface and which is 70 percent covered with water.”

There is enough water on Earth to flood the planet more than once. There are no bodies of water on the surface of Mars, yet evidence suggests the planet may have been flooded. Fox News published a story on July 2, 2012 entitled, “Ancient Mars water existed deep underground.” The article claimed new evidence that water on Mars existed deep underground found in rocks blasted out of Martian craters by ancient collisions.

The Book of Jasher is an extra-biblical book referred to twice in the Bible. The first appearance is Joshua 10:13 “And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.” The second appearance is 2 Samuel 1:18 “(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)”

The Book of Jasher was a renowned history book in ancient times that includes an account of the flood that provides additional details. Jasher 6:11 reads “And on that day, the Lord caused the whole earth to shake, and the sun darkened, and the foundations of the world raged, and the whole earth was moved violently, and the lightning flashed, and the thunder roared, and all the fountains in the earth were broken up, such as was not known to the inhabitants before; and God did this mighty act, in order to terrify the sons of men, that there might be no more evil upon earth.”

The references in Jasher about the whole earth moving violently and the lightning flashes are additional clues. The lightning could have been a flux tube and it would take something enormous to shake the whole earth and block out the sun. These evidences suggest that a probable explanation is that Mars came into close proximity with the Earth (probably for the first time ever at the flood of Noah), breaking up the canopy of water around the earth described in Genesis 1:6-7 “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.”

Mars most likely triggered the global flood in Noah’s day, crashing through the canopy of water above the earth and carving out canyons on Mars in the process as the water from the firmament crashed down flooding the whole earth. A cataclysmic reaction caused by the close proximity of Mars was likely a trigger for the fountains of the great deep breaking open. That happened on the same day according to Genesis 7:11 “In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”


After Noah’s flood, the next recorded intervention by God is the tower of Babel episode. Babel was an empire created by Nimrod, the son of Cush, the grandson of Noah.

Genesis 10:8-10 “And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.”

Nimrod was antagonistic toward God, which is part of the meaning of “mighty hunter before the LORD.” Nimrod warred against God to his face. Josephus makes mention of Nimrod’s animosity in Jewish Antiquities, Book 1, Chapter 4:

“Now it was Nimrod who excited them to such an affront and contempt of God. He was the grandson of Ham, the son of Noah, a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded them not to ascribe it to God, as if it was through his means they were happy, but to believe that it was their own courage which procured that happiness. He also gradually changed the government into tyranny, seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of the God, but to bring them into a constant dependence on his power. He also said he would be revenged on God, if he should have a mind to drown the world again; for that he would build a tower too high for the waters to be able to reach; and that he would avenge himself on God for destroying their forefathers.”

Nimrod established an empire and consolidated his power by establishing a state religion. A key unifying factor in his religion was an astronomical observatory at Babel. In the Babel account, descendants of the flood survivors united in a global political pursuit in defiance of God’s sovereignty. They built a ziggurat, or step pyramid, which the Bible calls the tower of Babel. The incident is recorded in Genesis 11.

Genesis 11:1-9 “And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech. So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.”

It’s a strange story, especially in relation to modern times. Why would people concoct such an idea let alone gather together to complete such a project? Knowing that Mars triggered the flood of Noah provides some answers. The tower of Babel, built in a ziggurat design, was used for the purposes of astronomy. The ancients were very interested in astronomy, especially since Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, survived the global flood knowing full well that the planets were a mechanism used by God to accomplish the task. They would have seen Mars crash through the canopy of water and wreak havoc on the earth and passed that history on to their children and children’s children.

How long between the flood and tower of Babel incident is unknown. The account is after Genesis 10, which is a genealogy of the sons of Noah. There are several generations listed. Since Mars menaced the earth every 54 years according to Patten’s model, it’s likely that Noah’s descendants experienced the carnage from planetary flybys themselves and set out to keep an eye on the sky.

The Book of Jasher includes an account of the tower of Babel incident that is even stranger, but may provide more insight into the purposes of the builders.

Jasher 9:25-33 “And the building of the tower was unto them a transgression and a sin, and they began to build it, and whilst they were building against the Lord God of heaven, they imagined in their hearts to war against him and to ascend into heaven. And all these people and all the families divided themselves in three parts; the first said We will ascend into heaven and fight against him; the second said, We will ascend to heaven and place our own gods there and serve them; and the third part said, We will ascend to heaven and smite him with bows and spears; and God knew all their works and all their evil thoughts, and he saw the city and the tower which they were building. And when they were building they built themselves a great city and a very high and strong tower; and on account of its height the mortar and bricks did not reach the builders in their ascent to it, until those who went up had completed a full year, and after that, they reached to the builders and gave them the mortar and the bricks; thus was it done daily. And behold these ascended and others descended the whole day; and if a brick should fall from their hands and get broken, they would all weep over it, and if a man fell and died, none of them would look at him. And the Lord knew their thoughts, and it came to pass when they were building they cast the arrows toward the heavens, and all the arrows fell upon them filled with blood, and when they saw them they said to each other, Surely we have slain all those that are in heaven. For this was from the Lord in order to cause them to err, and in order; to destroy them from off the face of the ground. And they built the tower and the city, and they did this thing daily until many days and years were elapsed. And God said to the seventy angels who stood foremost before him, to those who were near to him, saying, Come let us descend and confuse their tongues, that one man shall not understand the language of his neighbor, and they did so unto them. And from that day following, they forgot each man his neighbor’s tongue, and they could not understand to speak in one tongue, and when the builder took from the hands of his neighbor lime or stone which he did not order, the builder would cast it away and throw it upon his neighbor, that he would die.”

Jasher records that people set out to war against God and literally cast arrows into the sky. What were they shooting at? Is it possible they were led by Nimrod trying to fight against the menacing planet Mars, which appeared in the sky on its orbital flyby? The Hebrew word for heaven in Genesis 11:4, according to Strong’s Concordance, is shamayim, which means lofty, the sky, as well as to where the celestial bodies revolve. How high were they trying to build that tower?

God did not want to allow a one world government at that point in history, so he decided to “confound” the people’s language, which would break up the unity government. People groups were formed because you would naturally gravitate to those you could communicate with. Those groups staked out land for themselves and eventually developed into what are called “races” today.

Also, any technological advances suffered incredible setbacks. It was like being instantly sent into the Dark Ages. The reality is that people couldn’t read what they had just written the day before. Jasher hints at that reality when stating “they forgot each man his neighbor’s tongue, and they could not understand to speak in one tongue.”

In addition to the Bible, there are ancient extra-biblical sources that reference the tower of Babel incident providing additional clues. Josephus includes a statement from the Roman Empire. A Sibyl oracle says, “The Sibyl also makes mention of this tower, and of the confusion of the language, when she says thus: ‘When all men were of one language, some of them built a high tower, as if they would thereby ascend up to heaven, but the gods sent storms of wind and overthrew the tower, and gave everyone his peculiar language; and for this reason it was that the city was called Babylon.’”

Sir James George Frazer refers to another ancient Central American legend in Folklore in the Old Testament Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law:

“When the waters had retired, one of the seven, by name Xelhua, surnamed the Architect, came to Cholula, where, in memory of the mountain of Tlaloc, on which he and his six brothers had found safety, he built an artificial hill in the shape of a pyramid. He caused the bricks to be made in the province of Tlalmanalco, at the foot of Mount Cocotl, and in order to transport them to Cholula he set a line of men on the road, who passed the bricks from hand to hand. It was his purpose to raise the mighty edifice to the clouds, but the gods, offended at his presumption, hurled the fire of heaven down on the pyramid, many of the workmen perished, and the building remained unfinished…It is said that at the time of the Spanish conquest the inhabitants of Cholula preserved with great veneration a large aerolite, which according to them was the very thunderbolt that fell on the pyramid and set it on fire.”

The storms of wind indicate major weather disturbances and the “fire of heaven” and “thunderbolt” may be a description of a flux tube during a planetary flyby. The timing of the incident fits Donald Patten’s 54-year Mars flyby model too.

According to “The Book of Jasher, Peleg died in the 48th year of Abraham’s life.  (Jasher 10:1) The earth was divided in Peleg’s days, according to Genesis 10:25. The tower of Babel incident divided the inhabitants of the earth into people groups. Jasher records the death of Peleg immediately after the tower of Babel account. Combining Jasher and Genesis indicates the Babel event took place at the end of Peleg’s life. Abraham was 99 years old when he was circumcised. (Genesis 17:24) If Peleg died when Abraham was 48, then from Peleg’s death to Abraham’s circumcision was 51 years. Genesis 18 and 19 is about the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, which is the next catastrophic event in scripture. What is not clear is the amount of time that passed between Abraham’s circumcision at the end of Genesis 17 and the LORD appearing to Abraham in Genesis 18:1. Was it the next day or was it a couple years later? At any rate, it is very close to 54 years that fits Patten’s Mars flyby model, assuming the account of Peleg’s death in Jasher is at least close to being accurate.

Contemporary science has determined that electroshock therapy has the side effects of memory loss and the reconfiguration of synaptic activity. There are two types of memory loss. The first involves rapid forgetting of new information. The second type of memory loss concerns events from the past.

A synapse is the point of connection between the end foot of one neuron and the membrane of another. The word is derived from Greek and means “to fasten together.” It is at synapses that one cell influences the activity of another.

It is most likely that the scattering of the languages was the result of a planetary electrical discharge, which provided a large electrical shock accompanied by storms of wind to destroy the tower. People working on the tower likely lost their linguistic abilities as a direct result of the electrical shock.


Abraham was 75 years old when he departed out of Haran with Lot according to Genesis 12:4. When their substance became too great to dwell together, they separated. Lot chose to pitch his tent toward Sodom. (Genesis 13:5-12)

Ziggarut at Gomorrah

Ziggarut at Gomorrah

Abraham was 99 years old when he was circumcised and when God told him he would have a son with Sarah. (Genesis 17:17, 24) As previously noted, the events come very close to 54 years after the tower of Babel incident to God revealing to Abraham about the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 18.

Two angels came to Sodom and Lot met them at the gate. Lot pressed the angels, which he thought were just two men, to abide at his home for the night.

Genesis 19:1-3 “And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.”

It doesn’t take long to find out why Lot was so determined to have the angels stay at his home for the night.

Genesis 19:4-13 “But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door. But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door. And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place: For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.”

The Book of Jasher provides additional details regarding the extent of perversion and licentiousness in Sodom and Gomorrah.

Jasher 18:11-14 “In those days all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and of the whole five cities, were exceedingly wicked and sinful against the Lord, and they provoked the Lord with their abominations, and they strengthened in acting abominably and scornfully before the Lord, and their wickedness and crimes were in those days great before the Lord. And they had in their land a very extensive valley, about half a day’s walk, and in it there were fountains of water and a great deal of herbage surrounding the water. And all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah went there four times in the year, with their wives and children and all belonging to them, and they rejoiced there with timbrels and dances. And in the time of rejoicing they would all rise and lay hold of their neighbor’s wives, and some, the virgin daughters of their neighbors, and they enjoyed them, and each man saw his wife and daughter in the hands of his neighbor and did not say a word.”

dead_sea_citiesThe Book of Jasher also states that it was common for strangers to get raped when they entered the cities and names four judges who made laws enabling it to happen. There was a complete lack of justice. It may have been a common practice by Lot to sit in the gate and attempt to spare as many strangers as he could entering the city in light of the account in Jasher.

Jasher 19:1-3 “And the cities of Sodom had four judges to four cities, and these were their names, Serak in the city of Sodom, Sharkad in Gomorrah, Zabnac in Admah, and Menon in Zeboyim. And Eliezer Abraham’s servant applied to them different names, and he converted Serak to Shakra, Sharkad to Shakrura, Zebnac to Kezobim, and Menon to Matzlodin. And by desire of their four judges the people of Sodom and Gomorrah had beds erected in the streets of the cities, and if a man came to these places they laid hold of him and brought him to one of their beds, and by force made him to lie in them.”

Sphinx at Gomorrah

Sphinx at Gomorrah

The cup of iniquity was overflowing in Sodom and a just and holy God must judge or the innocent become prey. There could not be found ten righteous to avoid its destruction according to the covenant God made with Abraham. Genesis 18:32 “And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake.”

According to Genesis 19, the angels arrived in Sodom and the men of the city wanted to rape them even after being smote with blindness. The people in Sodom were past the point of no return. God’s anger was kindled and He executed judgment to put an end to the evil.

Genesis 19:24-26 “Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.”

Pillar of Salt

Pillar of Salt

The scripture states that God not only burned the cities up with fire, but he overthrew all the plain. The geographical area described in the Bible as a “plain” is the northernmost part of the Great Rift Valley. The rift is a vast section of land where it appears the land was torn away from its previous position and a massive portion of the earth sank to a much lower level.

The Dead Sea is the lowest place on earth. It is more than 1300 feet below sea level. The rift is the deepest depression on any continent. Even evolutionary scientists suggest the cause of the dramatic drop in levels may have been a seismic event. The geologic evidence indicates the rift happened suddenly in a violent cataclysm.

It would take an astronomically powerful force to rip the land apart with much of it collapsing. The great rift is readily explained by a planetary flyby of Mars at the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

Sodom City Outline

Sodom City Outline

According to Legends of the Bible by Louis Ginzberg, “the destruction of the cities of the plain took place at dawn of the sixteenth day of Nisan…” Nisan 16 on the Hebrew calendar is close to March 21st, which is the repetitive date of the March Passover of the planet Mars according to Patten’s calculations.

What was Sodom like before its destruction? Sodom was well watered according to Genesis 13:10 ”And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.”

Oil was also plentiful in Sodom. Genesis 14:10 “the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits;” The Hebrew word for slimepits is chemar, which means “bitumen (as rising to the surface).” The root word is chamar, which means to “boil up.” Bitumen was the asphalt of its day in ancient times. According to the 1828 Webster’s Dictionary, the most fluid form of bitumen is petroleum. Petroleum comes from two words; Petra, meaning “rock”, and oleum, which is “oil.” Petroleum literally means “rock oil.” Oil is always trying to rise to the surface. The misused wealth of Sodom was oil. Where you have great wealth plus great time, it equals great sin.

Sulfur at Gomorrah

Sulfur at Gomorrah

Genesis 19:24 says, “Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven.” Brimstone is sulfur. The definition of “wild fire” in the 1828 Webster’s Dictionary is that it is made by a composition of sulfur, pitch, gum, and bitumen.

Something catastrophic caused tons of strata to explode into the air from the Dead Sea region and rain back down “brimstone and fire” (sulfur and flaming rock filled with oil) on Sodom and the other cities of the plain. The result was the great rift of the Dead Sea and cities that were burned to ash, which still stand as a testimony today.

Gomorrah City Walls

Gomorrah City Walls


There were cosmic disturbances at Mount Sinai when God gave Moses the Ten Commandments, but it was something other than Mars. The times of the Mars flybys were in the Spring and Fall, but the events at Mount Sinai took place at Pentecost, which is a summer feast. Exodus 19 records the children of Israel came into the wilderness of Sinai on the third day of the third month, which would be May or June.

Exodus 19:1 “In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.”

Then, the LORD commanded the people to ready for the third day when he would come down upon Mount Sinai. Three days later was the sixth day of the third month.

Exodus 19:11 “And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.”

When that day arrived, the LORD descended upon Sinai and major weather disturbances accompanied his presence at the mount.

Exodus 19:16-20 “And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.”

A Psalm of David indicates the phenomenon was a direct result of celestial bodies of some sort. “The heavens also dropped” is the key phrase in Psalm 68. Though it wasn’t Mars, there could have been another planet whose orbit passed by close to Earth.

Psalm 68:8 “The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.”

In Part 2, we will explore other biblical catastrophes including Joshua’s long day, Hezekiah’s lengthening of the day, Elijah and the prophets of Baal, as well as look into the future in the book of Revelation for a return visit from Mars to planet Earth.


Gary Bates, Alien Intrusion (Updated & Expanded), Master Books, Green Forest, AR, 2004

Walt Brown, Ph.D., In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood (8th Edition), Center for Scientific Creation, Phoenix, AZ, 2008 (8th edition)

Flavius Josephus, The New Complete Works of Josephus, translated by William Whiston, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 49501

Louis Ginzberg, The Legends of the Jews – Volume 4, The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia, PA, 1913

James Lloyd, Rampaging Planets, Christian Media, Jacksonville, OR, 2001

W. Jeffrey Marsh, The Book of Jasher, Cedar Fort, 2006

Andrew Snelling, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Institute for Creation Research, Dallas, TX, 2009

Donald Wesley Patten, Catastrophism and the Old Testament: The Mars Earth Conflicts, Pacific Meridian Publishing Company, Seattle, WA, 1998

Immanuel Velikovsky, Worlds in Collision, Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1950

Steve Buckardt

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